Phylogenetic analyses of ten chloroplast dna regions, ndhf, rbcl, matk, orf350, trnl intron, trnltrnf, trnhpsba, rbclatpb, trnk 5. Several genera produce edible fruit, most notably annona, anonidium, asimina, rollinia. Feb 02, 2014 orchid family orchidaceae largest family of flowering plants terrestrial, epiphytic, or saprophytic herbs orchid flowers come in different colours except black example of an orchid is vanilla planifolia, native to mexico and central america 4. More than 80% of species of magnoliaceae are distributed in subtropical and tropical regions. Magnolioide ae, of whic h magnol ia is the bestknown genus, and liriodendroidae, a monogeneric subfamily, of which liriodendron tulip trees is the only genus unlike most angiosperms, whose flower parts are in whorls rings, the. Phylogenetic relationships in family magnoliaceae inferred. This short article about biology can be made longer. The flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic, and usually large, generally with 3 sepals and 6 to many petals.
Magnoliaceae the magnolia family 7 genera 220 species distribution. Ten common flowering trees of the tampa bay area 2 orchid tree bauhinia variegata family. Orchid family orchidaceae largest family of flowering plants terrestrial, epiphytic, or saprophytic herbs orchid flowers come in different colours except black example of an orchid is vanilla planifolia, native to mexico and central america 4. Nooteboom2 trees or shrubs, evergreen or deciduous, usually with perfect flowers, rarely dioecious, monoecious, or androdioecious, usually with trichomes or rarely glabrous. A synopsis on distribution and endemism of magnoliaceae s. Plant predominently lianous, compound leaves, zygomorphic flowers, anthers connivent in pairs.
Liriodendron tulipifera tulip poplar magnolia family. The strict consensus tree of magnoliaceae with bootstrap values inferred from phya tree length 224 steps, ci 0. Liriodendron tulipifera tulip poplar magnolia family magnoliaceae pg. The magnoliaceae are woody trees and shrubs comprising 12 genera and about 220 species. Magnoliaceae, magnolia family of the order magnoliales that contains at least two genera and nearly 250 species, including many handsome, fragrantflowering trees and shrubs. Magnoliaceae has attracted keen interest from many botanists. In instances where state specific maps are unavailable, the us distribution map will be used in its place. Magnolioideae, of which magnolia is the bestknown genus, and liriodendroidae, a monogeneric subfamily, of which liriodendron tulip trees is the only genus. Trees within the same family can be categorized easily be. The family annonaceae is commonly called custardapple family.
Magnoliaceae mu lan ke xia nianhe 1, liu yuhu law yuwu1. The plant list includes a further 185 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus magnolia. Magnolia magnoliaceae in mexico and central america. Species of magnoliaceae contained within the plant list belong to 5 plant genera. The major clades in the molecular tree are considerably different from the currently suggested. They are valued for their large and fragrant white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers and. This page was machinegenerated by the program imao1. As it is well known, the family magnoliaceae is one of the most primitive taxa in angiosperms wu et al. For corrections or comments relating to specific images, please contact image contributors.
All species in the family are ornamental, and many are grown in public and private gardens throughout much of china and in other parts of the world. Pdf bookmark sample page 1 of 4 pdf bookmark sample sample date. For an az list by scientific name of native magnoliaceae family trees click here. The state distribution maps in the species info boxes below are from the usda nrcs plants database at da. You can support us by purchasing something through our amazonurl, thanks. Click on names to expand them, and on p for plants profiles. Figure 1 lists native trees of georgia alphabetically by family name. Meyer trees or shrubs, deciduous or evergreen, aromatic. Magnoliaceae plant family britannica encyclopedia britannica. The major clades in the molecular tree are considerably different from. Magnolia, genus magnolia, any member of the genus magnolia family magnoliaceae.
Magnoliaceae, magnolia family of the order magnoliales that contains at least two genera and nearly 250 species, including many handsome, fragrant flowering. The floral biology of the magnoliaceae southern research station. The annonaceae are a family of flowering plants consisting of trees, shrubs, or rarely lianas commonly known as the custard apple family or soursop family. The leaves are simple, and alternate, usually with deciduous stipules that enclose the bud. Magnolia macrophylla bigleaf magnolia magnolia family. Wikimedia commons has media related to magnoliaceae. The magnoliaceae are a flowering plant family, the magnolia family, in the order magnoliales. Pdf the floral biology of the magnoliaceae semantic scholar. The red list of magnoliaceae introduction the magnoliaceae is a family in the flowering plant order magnoliales, the members of which are evergreen or deciduous trees and shrubs. Magnolioideae, of which magnolia is the maist wellkent genus. A new system for the family magnoliaceae is proposed on the basis of the latest data on dna and the observations of morphological characters especially in living plants. This category is automatically filled by the use of taxonavigation with parameter include magnoliaceae apg. Phylogeny of magnoliaceae based on ten chloroplast dna regions. Magnoliaceae synonyms, magnoliaceae pronunciation, magnoliaceae translation, english dictionary definition of magnoliaceae.
Magnolioideae, of which magnolia is the maist wellkent genus liriodendroidae, a monogeneric subfaimily, o which liriodendron tulip trees is the anly genus references. The family is widely distributed in the tropical regions of the world. Southeastern asia is very rich in species, but the greatest concentration of species and highest diversity occur in southern and southwestern china law 1984. The red list of magnoliaceae acknowledgements to achieve a complete evaluation of conservation assessments for magnoliaceae, a wide range of people have shared their knowledge and expertise about this fascinating group of species and the habitats in which they grow. The magnolia family the magnolia family includes 10 genera and about 80 species of plants that are widely distributed in temperate and subtropical areas of north america and asia. The name magnolia is named for pierre magnol 16381715, professor of botany and medicine and director of the botanic garden at montpellier, france. About the classification report about the classification download.
Some species separations are possible based on microanatomy. Rendle included 62 genera and 820 species in this family. The plant list includes a further 270 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the family magnoliaceae. Sort by click here to return to the plantfiles homepage. The magnoliaceae, or magnolia family, is a flowering plant family in the order magnoliales.
Pdf a new system for the family magnoliaceae is proposed on the basis of the latest data on dna and the observations of morphological. Phylogenetic and biogeographic complexity of magnoliaceae in. The following species and varieties are currently or recently were in the collections at boone county arboretum. As a result of a recent alphataxonomic study of the genusmagnolia s. Most have simple leaves and an elongated conelike floral axis with flowers that have six tepals sepals and petals that are not distinctly different, many spirally.
Magnoliaceae definition of magnoliaceae by merriamwebster. The earliest known flowering plants date back to about million years ago. Accelio present applied technology created and tested using. According to cronquist evolution and classification of flowering plants, 1988, the most primitive of all living angiosperms belong to the subclass magnoliidae. Magnoliaceae simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This category should only contain species categories and galleries. Magnolia ashei ashe magnolia species distribution map pdf file from the usgs magnolia campbelli campbells magnolia species page from the flowers of india. Edis is the electronic data information source of ufifas extension, a collection of information on topics relevant to you. The family magnoliaceae, a well defined group of trees or shrubs, is a component of the order magnoliales subclass magnoliidae distributed in temperate four. They are valued for their large and fragrant white, yellow, pink, or purple flowers and frequently handsome leaves and conelike fruits. The members of this family belong to the temperate regions of northern hemisphere, with centres of distribution in eastern asia, malaysia, eastern north america, west indies, brazil and northeast and south east india. Magnoliaceae tulip tree, yellow poplar, tulip magnolia, whitewood origin. The trees of this family that grow in the southeastern united states have lush, succulent foliage and attractive flowers. The magnolia family magnoliaceae a primitive family of flowering plants.
One of the coauthors nooteboom considers the magnoliaceae to include two monogeneric subfamilies, with magnolioideae containing the. The plant list includes 998 scientific plant names of species rank for the family magnoliaceae. The flowers are bisexual, actinomorphic, and usually large, generally with 3. Takhtajan 1966 included 120 genera and 2,100 species in this family.
Magnolioide ae, of whic h magnol ia is the bestknown genus, and liriodendroidae, a monogeneric subfamily, of which liriodendron tulip trees is the only genus unlike most angiosperms, whose flower parts are in whorls rings. Fabaceae or leguminosae, legume family florida hardiness zones. Magnoliaceae magnolia the genus magnolia contains about 80 species native to. The wood of the north american tulip tree liriodendron tulipifera is a valuable timber product. The plant list includes 472 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus magnolia. A list of all accepted names in magnoliaceae is available in csv format. One of the coauthors nooteboom considers the magnoliaceae to include two monogeneric subfamilies, with magnolioideae containing the genus magnolia and liriodendroideae containing the genus. Temperate to tropical regions of eastern north america, east asia and south america. Magnolia family magnoliaceae botanical characteristics. Plant files begonia species begonia masoniana iron cross was a big surprise success outdoors as a. Although the common name suggests it, tulip poplar is not a poplar but in the genus liriodendron.
The floral biology of the magnoliaceae semantic scholar. Magnoliaceae article about magnoliaceae by the free dictionary. The strict consensus tree of magnoliaceae with bootstrap values based on lfy tree length 503 steps, ci 0. The family is of exceptional evolutionary interest, as it displays many characters that are considered evolutionarily primitive.
Mississippi native magnolia family trees, magnoliaceae. Magnoliaceae definition is a family of shrubs and trees order ranales, having bisexual flowers, stamens arranged spirally, and numerous simple pistils spirally arranged on an elongated axis. Magnoliaceae or the magnolia family embraces 10 genera and about 100 species. Magnoliaceae pdf pdf magnolioideae checklist pdf a checklist for the south china botanical garden, guangzhou, guangdong province, p. With 108 accepted genera and about 2400 known species, it is the largest family in the magnoliales. China magnolia denudata xiangying wen imagejpeg flora.
Media in category magnoliaceae the following files are in this category, out of total. Without their generous assistance, this global red list of magnoliaceae. Classification for kingdom plantae down to family magnoliaceae. A taxonomic family within the order magnoliales the magnolias and related plants. Return to the vascular plant image library entry page or search the library index. Magnoliaceae a family of dicotyledonous plants, including evergreen or deciduous trees and, rarely, shrubs. Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against subpages. Magnoliaceae definition of magnoliaceae by the free dictionary.
Most have simple leaves and an elongated conelike floral axis with flowers that have six tepals sepals and petals that are not distinctly different, many spirally arranged stamens, and one, two, or many. The family magnoliaceae is in the major group angiosperms flowering plants. Magnolia macrophylla bigleaf magnolia magnolia family magnoliaceae botanical characteristics. This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. In this figure the first column lists the family s scientific name. This subclass contains several primitive plant families, including the. Most have simple leaves and an elongated conelike floral axis with flowers that have six tepals sepals and petals that are not distinctly different, many spirally arranged stamens, and one, two, or many carpels female reproductive structures. Yellowpoplar has a singly occurring, perfect flower 23 wide, with six petals varying in color from a light yellowish green at the margin to a deep orange band at the center. Family magnoliaceae definition of family magnoliaceae by. The family has been considered to be one of the earliest flowering plants and played a key role in forming concepts of the first flowers, even though recent molecular evidences have significantly changed our views on angiosperm phylogeny cronquist, 1981. We do not intend the plant list to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. This list is certainly not exhaustive additional taxa may be available in the trade, or may have been removed from our collection and thus removed from this list. Sep 28, 20 phylogenetic analyses of ten chloroplast dna regions, ndhf, rbcl, matk, orf350, trnl intron, trnltrnf, trnhpsba, rbclatpb, trnk 5. The family magnoliaceae, a well defined group of trees or shrubs, is a component of the order magnoliales subclass magnoliidae distributed in temperate.396 271 1330 720 1250 1509 1127 230 1609 324 3 1257 1311 897 1035 899 1613 554 793 1411 371 135 1148 796 398 398 681 679 427 730 193 286 492 78 1415