Threat of homegrown radicalization and domestic terror persists. June 2017 print isbn 9788867056194 epub isbn 9788867056200 pdf isbn 9788867056217 doi 10. Silber and arvin bhatt, radicalization in the west. The homegrown threat find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. The answers to these and other questions have large implications for our understanding of the threat facing us and, consequently, help us design sounder policy solutions built on empirical evidence. Between september 11, 2001, and the end of 2009, the u. Describe in intricate detail the threats presented by. The belief that homegrown terrorism is a serious threat is fairly consistent across regions, which represents a change from the last time ari asked this question. Concerns with the new york police departments report. The report, which analyzed almost a dozen cases of homegrown jihadis across the u. Technological seduction and selfradicalization journal.
An analysis of the radicalization process by which unremarkable local residentscitizens plan and execute not always successfully terrorist attacks. The recently thwarted plot by homegrown jihadists, in may 2007, against fort dix in new jersey, only underscores the seriousness of this emerging threat. A police department report assesses the prospects of homegrown. Peter king rny called for hearings regarding the threat of islamic radicalization within american muslim communities, accusations started flying across both sides of the aisle before. As these are undesirable, radicalization is understood as wholly malevolent and governments work to prevent andor stop it. A comprehensive approach to the problem of radicalization could be most effective for.
Provide intext citations and fully reference all sources using apa style and format. Understanding this trend and the radicalization process in the west that drives unremarkable people to become terrorists is vital for developing effective counterstrategies and has special importance for the nypd and the city of new york. Its stated purpose is to deal with homegrown terrorism and violent radicalization by establishing a national commission, establishing a center for study, and cooperating with other nations. With the emergence in recent years of homegrown terrorism as an issue of significant concern to the west, it. The violent radicalization and homegrown terrorism. The typical trajectory of most french islamist terrorists follows four steps. Radicalization and homegrown terrorism in western muslim.
New york the new york police department nypd recently released a study called radicalization in the west and the homegrown threat, citing the potential threat of. Radicalization is an aspect in the development of homegrown terrorists. The brennan center was among the first to discuss the shortcomings of the new york police departments august 2007 report, radicalization in the west. Radicalization is the process in which an individual changes from passiveness or activism to become more revolutionary, militant or extremist. For more than a decade, al qaeda has been the driving force of terrorismmoving thousands of people through training camps in afghanistan and providing the motivation, the money, and the. Silber and others published radicalization in the west. Radicalization in the west the homegrown threat pdf radicalization in the west. New york police department intelligence division, radicalization in the west.
First, it discusses the term radicalization and suggests the use of the following definition of radicalization as a process by which a person adopts belief systems which justify the use of violence to effect social change and comes to actively support as well as employ violent means for political purposes. Violent radicalization and homegrown terrorism prevention act of. Jihadist or jihadisalafi ideology is the driver that motivates young men and women, born or living in the west, to carry out autonomous jihad via acts of terrorism against their host countries. Radicalization of youth as a growing concern for counter. Threat of homegrown radicalization and domestic terror. Technological seduction and selfradicalization journal of. Lessons learned for america has prudently outlined the.
The outcomes of radicalization are shaped by the ideas of the society at large. Radicalization in the west the homegrown threat nypd 2007. Relying upon a small sample of case studies, the report does not carefully delineate or. One of americas biggest threats is the homegrown violent extremist and homegrown terrorism. Nypd study details threat of homegrown terrorism campus. Radicalisation, deradicalisation, counterradicalisation. Police issue report on homegrown terror threat the new. Describe in intricate detail the threats presented by homegrown radicalization and the sources of radicalization. Aug 27, 20 last week, a jury of military officers found army. The violent radicalization and homegrown terrorism act of 2007 s.
Silber and arvin bhatt senior intelligence analysts nypd intelligence division the new york city police department page 2 preface while terrorism has been with us for centuries, the destructive power and global reach of modern terrorism is unprecedented. Violent radicalization and homegrown terrorism mars2. Violent radicalization and homegrown terrorism prevention. Radicalization in the west the homegrown threat pdf. Radicalization and jihadist attacks in the west lorenzo vidino, francesco marone, eva entenmann first edition. The citys police department this morning released a report, radicalization in the west. A study report published by the minaret of freedom institute titled radicalization and homegrown terrorism in western muslim communities. Understanding radicalization and homegrown terrorism. Jul 12, 2018 the belief that homegrown terrorism is a serious threat is fairly consistent across regions, which represents a change from the last time ari asked this question.
It guides movements, identifies the issues, drives recruitment and is the basis for action. Terrorists plotting to free al qaeda operative nizar trabelsi, imprisoned in. Domestic terrorism or homegrown terrorism is a form of terrorism in which victims within a country are targeted by a perpetrator with the same citizenship as the victims. Silber and arvin bhatt, senior intelligence analysts, nypd intelligence division. The transnational phenomenon of radicalization in the west is largely a function. This study, the first of its kind, seeks to analyze the demographic profile, radicalization trajectories and connections to the islamic state of. Radicalization or radicalisation is a process by which an individual or group comes to adopt increasingly radical political, social, or religious ideals and aspirations that reject or undermine the status quo or contemporary ideas and expressions of the nation. Jane harman dca in the 110th united states congress. The united states department of state defined terrorism in 2003 as premeditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated. In its august 30, 2007 memo, the brennan center outlined its concerns that the reports faulty conclusions will lead to racial and religious profiling, which is harmful to both civil liberties and. There are many definitions of terrorism, and none of them are universally accepted.
The definition of radicalization, however, remains dependent on the political construction of terrorism. Threat of homegrown islamist terrorism council on foreign. The report explores how the unsubstantiated religious conveyor belt theory has influenced our response to radicalization among american muslims. Radicalization is a relatively new concept gaining exponential traction since the mid2000s, following the 911 and 77 attacks in new york and london, respectively. Pdf radicalization and homegrown terrorism in western. Last week, a jury of military officers found army.
Exploring nonviolent and benevolent processes of radicalization. More specifically, the concern of homegrown terrorism and radicalization, particularly among american muslim youth, has been a concern due to both successful and unsuccessful terrorist attacks in europe. Department nypd report, radicalization in the west. Understanding this trend and the radicalization process in the west that drives unremarkable people to become terrorists is vital for developing effective counterstrategies. Muslim homegrown terrorism in the united states the belfer. The homegrown threat except for the hand wringing, nothing is being done about the radicalization problem. The report explores how the unsubstantiated religious conveyor belt theory has influenced our response to radicalization among american muslims and. Although the findings in the new analysis are similar to those of other studies, police.
The violent radicalization and homegrown terrorism prevention act of 2007 was a bill sponsored by rep. Rethinking radicalization new york university school of laws brennan center for justice has just released a report that examines the u. This memo concerns the new york police department report radicalization in the west the. Radicalization is often associated with youth, adversity, alienation, social exclusion, poverty, or the perception of injustice to self or others.
New york the new york police department nypd recently released a study called radicalization in the west and the homegrown threat, citing the potential threat of terrorist acts by. I want to talk about the radicalization processhow an extremist becomes a terroristand what we in the fbi are doing to address this new threat. Although the findings in the new analysis are similar to those. The terms radicalisation, deradicalisation and counterradicalisation are used widely, but the search for what exactly radicalisation is, what causes it and how to deradicalise those who are considered radicals, violent. As these are undesirable, radicalization is understood as wholly malevolent and. In 2014, the percentage of canadians choosing this option in the faceoff ranged from 49 per cent in british columbia to 70 per cent in saskatchewan a difference of 21 percentage points. Semantic scholar extracted view of radicalization in the west. In its august 30, 2007 memo, the brennan center outlined its concerns that the reports faulty conclusions will lead to racial and religious profiling, which is harmful. The nypds understanding of the threat from islamicbased terrorism to new york city has evolved. The homegrown threat, that examines, in 90 pages, how ordinary people in the west can become radicalized and followers of what the report calls a jihadist ideology.1435 685 1065 1099 655 735 1341 1270 1652 2 288 1533 970 98 453 174 505 1527 83 1650 1365 757 635 1050 1348 1426 1073 244 347 317 803